bounty harvested from Thailand's rich swathes of agricultural lands
and coastal regions dominated the economy until very recently, this
abundance and diversity of natural resources has made the country not
just self-sufficient in food and other natural products but also Asia's
only net food exporter. Major export products include rice, tapioca,
canned pineapple, shrimp, tuna, rubber, sugar and cut flowers.
natural products still underpin the economy, employing 57 percent of
the workforce and accounting for around 12 percent of national income,
the last 20 years had witnessed a massive industrialization.
the second half of the last decade Thailand's GDP was among the world's
highest averaging 13 percent, 11 percent and 10 percent in 1988, 1989,
and 1990 respectively. Soon the country began to be counted among the
Asian Tiger economies.
Geography: Shaped like an elephants head
with its trunk extending down the Malaysian Peninsular, Thailand covers
an area of 514,000 square kilometers making it roughly the size of France.
It has 2500 kilometers of coastline and lies between the 5th and 21st
parallels north of the equator and the 97th and 106th kilometers east.
Topography: Thailand is divided into five
regions- central, north, northeast, east, south. The north is mountainous
with many forests, ridges, and deep narrow alluvial valleys. The central
region is a lush fertile basin. The capital, Bangkok, with a population
of around eight million, is situated in the central region. The northeast
is an arid region with an undulating surface and hills. Floods and droughts
are prevalent. The southern region is hilly with dense forests and rich
Population: Around 62 million.
Time Zone: GMT -7.00 hours.
Religion: Buddhism is the state religion
followed by 95 percent of the population. There is complete freedom
of worship and there are minority communities of Christians and Moslem.
Flag: The Thai flag consists of five horizontal
bands of red, white and blue. Red represents the nation, white stands
for Buddhism, and blue represents the monarchy, thus encompassing the
three pillars of the country.
The music was composed by professor Phra Jenduriyang in 1932 and the
lyrics by Colonel Luang Saranuprabhandh in 1939. It is played on all
national occasions and daily at 8:00 and 18:00 hours.
National Day : December fifth, the birthday
of HM King Bhumibol Adulyadej.